THE TRAUMA RESILIENCY MODEL

uma Resiliency Model

TRAUMA RESLIENCY MODELTM
by Elaine Miller-Karas, MSW, LCSW

The Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) is a biological-based model that reduces and/or eliminates the symptoms of traumatic stress that was co- created by Elaine Miller-Karas and Laurie Leitch, PhD.

The Trauma Resiliency Model (TRM) is a biological-based model that reduces and/or eliminates the symptoms of traumatic stress that was co- created by Elaine Miller-Karas and Laurie Leitch, PhD.

The body and mind have a natural inherent capacity to heal. When we are faced with physical and/or psychological danger, the human body automatically goes into instinctual defensive responses. The accelerator of our nervous system (sympathetic branch) goes into action, the result is faster breathing and heart rate and stress hormones are released in order to increase survival. When the threat passes, the brake of the nervous system (parasympathetic branch) brings the system back into balance, back to the Resilient Zone, resulting in breathing and heart rate slowing down. There is a natural balance.

When the balance is not restored people suffer. The person can get stuck on high that can result in chronic symptoms of anxiety, panic, rage, and/or hyperactivity. Conversely, the person’s nervous system can get stuck on low and fall into the depths of depression, disconnection, and exhaustion. Both systems can get stuck at the same time as with one foot on the accelerator of a car and the other on the break. This results in what is called the freeze response and feelings of chronic helplessness, fatigue, numbness and poor concentration may result.

The Trauma Resiliency Model re-stabilizes a highly activated nervous system by balancing trauma-oriented sensations with states that resource the body and the mind. This is accomplished by teaching traumatized people at of body sensation tracking and resourcing skills. Resources are the positive internal and external experiences in our lives. When we balance trauma-oriented sensations with resource states we restore well being by supporting the nervous system’s return to balance. We work gently, helping the client experience a small surge of activation, process it and then another small surge, and so on until balance is restored and the normal functioning of the nervous system takes over.

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